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State Lemon Laws

State laws differ greatly in the scope of covered “vehicles,” but most allow only three or four unsuccessful attempts to repair the product (unless the defect could cause death or serious injury). Clearly, the intent of the various provisions is to limit the number of days a purchaser is deprived of use of the purchased product, and the number of times it must be returned for repair of the same defect.

In the interest of fairness, many states allow an off-set for a consumer’s use of a vehicle prior to making a lemon law claim, either by number of miles used or length of time the vehicle performed without defect. Finally, some states do permit the recovery of reasonable attorney’s fees if the filing of a lemon law action is necessary.

ALABAMA:

  • It is 2 years old or less (or has 24,000 miles or less).
  • It has had 3 attempts or more to repair the issue by the manufacturer, a manufacturer’s agent or an authorized dealer for the same defect.
  • It has been out of service for at least 30 days and in the possession of the manufacturer, a manufacturer’s agent, or an authorized dealer.
  • This does not include motor homes or vehicles weighing over 10,000 lbs.

 

ALASKA:

  • Covers vehicles for their express warranty period or 1 year, whichever occurs first.
  • Excludes tractors, farm vehicles, motorcycles, and off-road vehicles.
  • Must have been 3 repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service.

 

ARIZONA:

  • Covers new vehicles for 2 years or 24,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
  • Covers new vehicles for until the end of the manufacturer’s warranty.
  • Covers the vehicle and chassis only on new motor homes.
  • This does not include vehicles weighing over 10,000 lbs.
  • Must have been 4 repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service.
  • Used cars are covered for the first 15 days or 500 miles after purchase.

 

 

ARKANSAS:

  • Covers new vehicles for 2 years or 24,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
  • Covers new vehicles for until the end of the manufacturer’s warranty.
  • Must have been 4 repair attempts.
  • This does not include mopeds, motorcycles or the living area in a motorhome.
  • This does not include vehicles weighing over 13,000 lbs.

 

CALIFORNIA:

  • Covers new vehicles for 18 months or 18,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
  • 2 attempts or more have been made by the manufacturer to repair a warranty problem that could result in death or serious injury.
  • The manufacturer has attempted to repair the same warranty problem at least 4 times.
  • The vehicle has been out of service for 30 days or more for repair to warranty problems.
  • Problems to the vehicle are not the result of abuse by the owner.
  • Excludes the living facilities of a mobile home, motorcycles, off-road vehicles.

 

 

COLORADO:

  • Covers new vehicles for 12 months.
  • The manufacturer has attempted to repair the same warranty problem at least 4 times.
  • The vehicle has been out of service for 30 days or more for repair to warranty problems.
  • This does not include motorcycles and motorhomes.
  • Minor defects and damages caused by neglect, misuse and alterations are not covered in the lemon law.

 

 

CONNECTICUT:

Covers all new passenger, combination passenger/ commercial vehicles and motorcycles purchased or leased in Connecticut:

  • Which do not conform to the manufacturer’s express warranty;
  • Which have substantial defects affecting the use, safety or value of the vehicle AND
  • The repairs must have been addressed during the eligibility period
  • Have manufacturer’s defects that occurred during the first 2 years from the original owner’s delivery date or the first 24,000 miles on the odometer (whichever period ends first).
  • The manufacturer has attempted to repair the same warranty problem at least 4 times.
  • The vehicle has been out of service for 30 days or more for repair to warranty problems.

 

 

DELAWARE:

  • Covers new vehicles for 1 year.
  • Covers new vehicles for until the end of the manufacturer’s warranty.
  • The manufacturer has attempted to repair the same warranty problem at least 4 times.
  • The vehicle has been out of service for 30 days or more for repair to warranty problems.
  • Covers purchased, leased, or registered vehicles
  • Excludes motorcycles and living facilities of motor homes.

 

 

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA:

  • Covers motor vehicles sold or registered in the District of Columbia
  • Covers vehicles for 2 years or 18,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
  • Covers used vehicles, but does not cover buses sold for public transportation, motorcycles, motor homes, and motorized recreational vehicles.
  • Must have been 4 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

 

FLORIDA:

  • Covers vehicles for 2 years.
  • Must have been 3 repair attempts or 15 days out of service.
  • Does not cover defects that result from accident, neglect, abuse, modification or alteration by persons other than the manufacturer or its authorized service agent.

 

 

GEORGIA:

  • Covers vehicles for 2 years or 24,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
  • Excludes motorcycles, living quarters or office/commercial spaces of motor homes, and trucks weighing more than 12,000 lbs.
  • Must have been 1 attempt for defects that could cause serious injury or death; otherwise 3 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

 

HAWAII:

  • Covers vehicles (includes a motorcycle and demonstrator model) for 2 years or 24,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
  • Excludes a moped or motor scooter and trucks weighing more than 10,000 lbs.
  • At least 1 repair attempt for a serious nonconformity; otherwise 3 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

 

IDAHO:

  • Covers vehicles purchased or licensed in Idaho and used primarily for personal business reasons or for individual, family, or household purposes.
  • Covers vehicles for 2 years or 24,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
  • Excludes motorcycles, farm tractors, trailers, ATVs or vehicles weighing more than 12,000 lbs.
  • At least 1 repair attempt for major defects that are likely to cause death or serious injury.; otherwise 4 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

 

ILLINOIS:

  • Covers new vehicles purchased or leased in Illinois, light trucks and vans under 8,000 lbs., recreational vehicles (excluding trailers),
  • Covers vehicles for 12 months or 12,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
  • Excludes used vehicles, altered or modified vehicles, motorcycles and boats.
  • Must have been 4 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

 

INDIANA:

  • Covers vehicles purchased or leased in Indiana and weighs less than 10,000 lbs.
  • Covers vehicles for 18 months or 18,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
  • Excludes vehicle converters, conversion vans, motor homes, all tractors, motorcycles, mopeds, snowmobiles, and off-road vehicles.
  • Must have been 4 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

 

IOWA:

  • Covers motor vehicles that are purchased or leased in Iowa and motor vehicles purchased or leased in other states if the consumer is a resident of Iowa at the time the consumer’s rights under the lemon law are asserted.
  • Covers vehicles for 24 months or 24,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
  • Covers used vehicles and vehicle converters.
  • Excludes vehicles weighing over 10,000 pounds if purchased before July 1, 2014, and vehicles weighing over 15,000 pounds if purchased or leased on or after July 1, 2014.
  • Excludes mopeds, motorcycles, or motor homes.
  • At least 1 repair attempt for major defects that are likely to cause death or serious injury.; otherwise 3 repair attempts or 20 days out of service.

 

KANSAS:

  • Covers new motor vehicles that are purchased or leased in Kansas with a gross weight of 12,000 lbs or less.
  • Excludes the customized parts of motor vehicles that have been added or modified by second stage manufacturers, first stage converters, or second stage converters.
  • Covers vehicles for 1 year.
  • Must have been 4 repair attempts or 10 repair attempts for different defects; otherwise, 30 calendar days out of service.

 

 

KENTUCKY:

  • The motor vehicle has at least 4 wheels and is used primarily for personal, family, or household purposes and has never been sold or transferred before.
  • The dispute occurred during the first 2 years or 25,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
  • You are a Kentucky resident AND you purchased the car in Kentucky.
  • Excludes motorcycles, motorhomes, conversion vans, or farm equipment.
  • Must have been 4 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

LOUISIANA:

  • Covers new motor vehicles that are purchased or leased in Louisiana
  • Covers passenger motor vehicles sold in Louisiana.
  • Covers passenger and commercial motor vehicles sold in Louisiana.
  • Covers personal watercrafts (PWCs) and ATVs sold or still under warranty on or after August 15, 1999.
  • Covers drive train and chassis of a motor home that is used for personal and not commercial uses still under warranty on or after August 15, 1999, or sold in Louisiana.
  • The dispute occurred during the first year.
  • Excludes motorcycles, mobile homes and RVs.
  • Must have been 4 repair attempts or 90 days out of service.

 

 

MAINE:

  • Covers new or used vehicles purchased or leased in Maine
  • Covers vehicles for 3 years or 18,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
  • Excludes motor vehicles used primarily for commercial purposes with a gross vehicle weight of 8,500 pounds or more.
  • Excludes any government entity or any business or commercial enterprise that registers three or more motor vehicles.
  • At least 1 repair attempt for major defects that are likely to cause death or serious injury.; otherwise 3 repair attempts or 15 days out of service.

 

MARYLAND:

  • Covers new or leased motor vehicles (including cars, light trucks and motorcycles) registered in Maryland
  • Covers vehicles for 2 years or 18,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
  • Must have been one repair attempt for a serious safety defect in the braking or steering systems; otherwise, four repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service.

 

MASSACHUSETTS:

New Vehicle Lemon Law:

  • Covers any new car, motorcycle, van or truck bought in Massachusetts from a new-car dealer for personal or family purposes
  • Covers new vehicles for 1 year or 15,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
  • Excludes auto homes, vehicles built primarily for off-road use, vehicles used primarily for business purposes, or vehicles with defects caused by owner negligence, accidents, vandalism, or unauthorized repair of the vehicle by a person other than the manufacturer or authorized agent
  • Must have been 3 repair attempts or 15 days out of service.

Used Vehicle Warranty Law:

The law applies to used cars, vans, trucks and demonstration vehicles not covered by the New Car Lemon Law, and which:

  • Are sold by a Massachusetts dealer or private party,
  • Cost at least $700 (dealer sales only),
  • Have fewer than 125,000 miles on the odometer when sold (dealer sales only).
  • The law requires dealers to provide consumers with a written warranty against defects that impair the vehicle’s use or safety, and requires private parties to disclose any known use or safety defects.
  • If purchased from a dealer – must have been 3 repair attempts or 11 days out of service.
  • The Used Vehicle Warranty Law requires private party sellers to inform buyers about any and all known defects which impair the safety or substantially impair the use of the vehicle. The law applies to all private party sales regardless of sales price or mileage. If you discover a defect that impairs the vehicle’s safety or substantially impairs the use, and can prove that the seller knew about the defect but failed to disclose it, you may cancel the sale within thirty days of purchase. The seller must refund the amount you paid for the vehicle, less 15 cents per mile of use.
  • If you purchased a vehicle fewer than 14 days ago, the fastest way to get relief may be through the “Lemon Aid Law”.

Lemon Aid Law:

  • The Massachusetts Lemon Aid Law allows you to void or cancel a motor vehicle contract or sale if your vehicle fails to pass inspection within seven days from the date of sale AND if the estimated costs of repairs of emissions or safety related defects exceed 10% of the purchase price. This law applies to both dealer and private party sales of cars and motorcycles purchased for personal or family use. Dealers must display your Lemon Aid rights by putting a sticker on the left front window of each used car at the time of delivery.

 

MICHIGAN:

  • Covers new or leased vehicles used for personal, family or household purposes.
  • Some business-type vehicles may also be covered.
  • Excludes larger trucks, motor homes, motorcycles, or off-road vehicles
  • Must have been 4 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

MINNESOTA:

  • Covers new vehicles sold or leased for their express warranty period or 2 years, whichever occurs first
  • Covers passenger automobiles, pickup trucks, vans and motorhome chassis
  • Must have been one repair attempt for a serious safety defect in the braking or steering systems; otherwise, four repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service.

 

MISSISSIPPI:

  • Covers vehicles sold or leased for their express warranty period or 1 year, whichever occurs first.
  • Covers motor vehicles that are sold in Mississippi, operated over Mississippi’s public streets and highways, and used to transport persons or property. This includes demonstrator and lease-purchase vehicles if they were sold with a manufacturer’s warranty.
  • Covers any default or condition that impairs the use, market value, or safety of the motor vehicle to the consumer.
  • Excludes off-road vehicles, motorcycles, mopeds, or parts and components of a motor home that were added on and/or assembled by the manufacturer of the motor home.
  • Must have been 3 repair attempts or 15 days out of service.

 

 

MISSOURI:

  • Covers new vehicles sold for their express warranty period or 1 year, whichever occurs first.
  • Covers any new motor vehicle being transferred for the first time from a manufacturer, distributor or new vehicle dealer; that has not been registered or titled in the state or any other state. This includes demonstrators or lease-purchase vehicles as long as a manufacturer’s warranty was issued as a condition of sale.
  • This includes demonstrators or lease-purchase vehicles as long as a manufacturer’s warranty was issued as a condition of sale.
  • Excludes leased vehicles unless acquired through a lease-purchase.
  • Excludes used vehicles, commercial motor vehicles, off-road vehicles, mopeds, motorcycles, and recreational motor vehicles other than the chassis, engine, powertrain and component parts.
  • Must have been 4 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

MONTANA:

  • Covers vehicles and motorcycles purchased, titled or leased in Montana, provided they are less than two years old and have 18,000 miles or less on the odometer.
  • Covers substantial defects that impair the use, market value or safety of the vehicle
  • Excludes vehicles purchased for business use, trucks over 10,000 lbs. GVW, non-motorized and off-road vehicles, the “residential” portion of motor homes, and defects resulting from accident, abuse, neglect, modification or alteration by anyone other than the manufacturer or authorized dealer.
  • Must have been 3 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

 

NEBRASKA:

  • Covers new vehicles sold in Nebraska.
  • Covers vehicles less than 2 years old and must still be under warranty.
  • Excludes self-propelled motor homes.
  • Must have been 4 repair attempts or 40 days out of service.

 

 

NEVADA:

  • Covers new vehicles
  • Must have been 4 repair attempts or 40 days out of service.

 

NEW HAMPSHIRE:

  • Covers new motor vehicles sold or leased in New Hampshire.
  • Covers  a motor vehicle of the private passenger or station wagon type with a gross weight not exceeding 11,000 pounds, that is purchased or leased by a consumer; any other four-wheel motor vehicle with a gross weight not exceeding 11,000 pounds; and motorcycles, off-highway recreational vehicles, and snowmobiles
  • Covers any defect which substantially impairs the use, market value or safety of this vehicle.
  • Excludes  tractors or mopeds.
  • Must have been 3 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

 

NEW MEXICO:

  • Covers new vehicles sold for their express warranty period or 1 year, whichever occurs first.
  • Covers used vehicles for up to 15 days or 500 miles after purchase, whichever occurs first.
  • Covers passenger motor vehicles, including automobiles, pickup trucks, motorcycles and vans, that are sold and registered in the state; are normally used for personal, family or household purposes; and have a gross vehicle weight of less than 10,000 pounds.
  • Must have been 4 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

NEW YORK:

New Vehicle Lemon Law:

  • Covers vehicles purchased, leased or transferred within the earlier of 18,000 miles or 2 years from the date of original delivery to be used primarily for personal purposes.
  • Covered by a warranty at original delivery
  • Must have been 4 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

Used Vehicle Lemon Law:

  • Covers vehicles purchased or leased from a New York dealer to be used primarily for personal purposes.
  • Covers vehicles for up to 2 years or 18,000 miles, whichever occurs first; that had a purchase price or lease value of at least $1,500 and had been driven less than 100,000 miles at the time of purchase/lease.
  • Must have been 3 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

 

NORTH CAROLINA:

  • Covers new vehicles sold for their express warranty period for at least 1 year or 12,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
  • Covers motor vehicles sold or leased in North Carolina
  • Excludes house trailers or any motor vehicle that weighs more than 10,000 lbs.
  • Must have been 4 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

 

NORTH DAKOTA:

  • Covers new vehicles sold for their express warranty period or 1 year, whichever occurs first.
  • Excludes used vehicles, motorcycles or motor homes.
  • Must have been 3 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

 

OHIO:

  • Covers any new passenger cars, motorcycles and other noncommercial motor vehicles, which are designed to carry no more than a one-ton load and are used exclusively for personal use.
  • Covers new vehicles for 1 year or 18,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
  • Must have been 3 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

OKLAHOMA:

  • Covers any new motor-driven vehicles that are required to be registered, except vehicles above 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight and the living facilities of motor homes.
  • Covers new vehicles sold for their express warranty period or 1 year, whichever occurs first.
  • Must have been 4 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

 

OREGON:

  • Covers new purchased or leased vehicles.
  • Covers new vehicles for 2 years or 24,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
  • Must have been 3 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

 

PENNSYLVANIA:

  • Covers new purchased or leased vehicles
  • Covers vehicles for 1 year or 12,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
  • Excludes used vehicles, motorcycles, motorhomes, and off-road vehicles
  • Must have been 3 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

RHODE ISLAND:

  • Covers new or used purchased or leased automobiles, trucks, motorcycles, or vans with less than 10,000 pounds GVW.
  • Covers new vehicles if the same defect can’t be repaired after 4 attempts within 1 year or 15,000 miles.
  • Covers used vehicles have had 3 attempts to repair or out of service for 15 days.
  • Excludes motorized campers

 

 

SOUTH CAROLINA:

  • Covers new vehicles
  • Covers vehicles for 1 year or 12,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
  • Excludes motorcycles, motor-driven cycles, the living portion of recreational vehicles, and off-road vehicles.
  • Must have been 3 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

 

SOUTH DAKOTA:

  • Covers new and used vehicles
  • Covers vehicles for 1 year or 12,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
  • Must have been 4 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

TENNESSEE:

  • Covers new purchased or leased vehicles sold for their express warranty period or 1 year, whichever occurs first.
  • Excludes motor homes, lawnmowers or garden tractors, recreational vehicles or off-road vehicles and vehicles over ten thousand (10,000) pounds gross vehicle weight
  • Must have been 4 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

 

TEXAS:

  • Covers new vehicles (including cars, trucks, vans, motorcycles, all-terrain vehicles, motor homes, towable recreational vehicles (TRVs) and neighborhood electric vehicles) purchased or leased from a Texas licensed dealer or lessor
  • Covers vehicles for 2 years or 24,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
  • Excludes used motor vehicles (including program vehicles), repossessed vehicles, non-travel trailers, boats, or farm equipment
  • Must have been 4 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

UTAH:

  • Covers new vehicles under 12,000 lbs or motor homes leased or purchased in the state of Utah.
  • Covers vehicles for 2 years or 24,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
  • Excludes used motor vehicles
  • Must have been 4 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

VERMONT:

  • Covers new passenger motor vehicles purchased  or leased in the state of Vermont.
  • Covers vehicles for 2 years or 24,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
  • Excludes tractors, motorized highway building equipment, road-making appliances, snowmobiles, motorcycles, motor-driven cycles, or the living portion of recreation vehicles, or trucks with a gross vehicle weight rating over 12,000 pounds.
  • Must have been 3 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

 

VIRGINIA:

  • Covers purchased and lease-purchased vehicles for 18 months.
  • Must have been three repair attempts or 30 calendar days out of service, or one attempt for a serious defect.

 

 

WASHINGTON:

  • Covers most classes of new motor vehicles originally purchased or leased by a consumer in Washington, including demonstrators.
  • Covers vehicles for 2 years or 24,000 miles, whichever occurs first.
  • Excludes motorcycles with engine displacements of less than 750 cubic centimeters, trucks with a gross weight rating of 19,000 lbs. or more, or vehicles purchased or leased (as a group or under a single contract) by a business as part of a fleet of 10 or more.
  • Must have been 4 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

 

WEST VIRGINIA:

  • Covers new passenger vehicles, SUVs, vans, and trucks that are purchased in West Virginia; also covers the chassis of motor homes.
  • Covers new vehicles sold for their express warranty period or 1 year, whichever occurs first.
  • Must have been 3 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

WISCONSIN:

  • Covers new purchased or leased vehicles sold for their express warranty period or 1 year, whichever occurs first.
  • Covers any new car, truck, motorcycle or motor home, or other motor-driven vehicle, including demonstrator or executive-driven vehicles that are purchased, leased, or transferred to a consumer in Wisconsin.
  • Excludes vehicles purchased in other states or via the internet that are delivered outside Wisconsin.
  • Excludes mopeds, semitrailers or to trailers designed for use in combination with a truck or a truck tractor.
  • Must have been 4 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 

WYOMING:

  • Covers new vehicles, motorcycles and leased cars less than 10,000 pounds
  • Must have been 3 repair attempts or 30 days out of service.

 


Inside State Lemon Laws